Mandatory List of Command Prompt Commands [ CMD ] Every Windows User Should Know

List of Command Prompt Commands to learn

For every Windows OS user, the importance of Command Prompt is highly impeccable. Though it has been one of the core softwares since the inception of OS, it still finds a lot of applications in doing certain operations related to the operating system.

Some of the shortcut magic that the Command Prompt can complete at ease include creating a backup of the files, formatting the hard disk completely, copy and paste of files, and many more. The OS updates (from XP to 10) have yet not changed some of the basic functionalities and all credits for that go to this tool.

Therefore, Windows users need to have a note of the basic and important list of command prompt codes that often come in handy in regular use. Thus, in the blog of the day, we would be discussing further it.

Essential List of Windows CMD Commands Every User Should Learn

The following is our take on the mandatory list of commands that needs to be taken note of, for easy operation and compatibility with Windows OS:

  • Assoc: As goes by the name, this command shows the list of file associations or the formats with which they exist in the system. In simple terms, it aids out the computer in associating certain file extensions with certain kinds of programs and thus executes the required process for successful referral to the files. The same can also be used to modify file associations.
  • FC: FC stands out for File Compare and comes very useful to understand the minor differences between various versions created under the same file name. It executes the command by comparing the binary or ASCII codes associated with each version and then lists out the differences observed.
  • Dir: This command is used for getting information on the list of files and folders existing within the working directory and can also extend down to give out additional information, like hard disk serial number, free space available in the drive, extensions of files available, and others such.
  • Cipher: It would be an interesting thing to observe that even after you delete some file from the system, it stays recoverable in the hard disk (just that it no longer stays accessible to users). The final data overwriting takes time. But with the Cipher command, the process can be expiated, and thus, the disk gets wiped out of the deleted data. It does not remove the files that have not been deleted manually by the user.
  • IPCONFIG: When it comes to troubleshooting the network issues faced by the system, this command comes as the savior for the users. Using this in the prompt, you can get information like IP address, current domain, default gateway, and other requisites. Accordingly, you can work out the root causes with the network adapter and improvise the overall connectivity.
  • POWERCFG: It stands for Power Configuration and finds its application in optimizing the battery performance of the laptop. The report generated by this command showcases the different uses of the battery power by the system and highlights the high-consuming areas. Accordingly, you can take actions to regulate the overall performance and enhance the longevity of the charge.
  • Wbadmin: This command finds its applications in the backup activities of a system. In simple words, you can understand the current status of a backup, start and stop an ongoing backup, know the details, and even see the items listed under the backup. Before Vista, the function was conducted by ntbackup.    
  • SFC: SFC stands out for System File Checker and helps out in understanding if the system has been affected by any kind of virus or malware. Using the command of SFC/SCANNOW helps out in scanning the integrity of the files and even repairing the faulty ones with new types. It also offers customizations that go well as per the user requirements.
  • CHKDSK: A defined by the name, this command is used to check out the integrity of core files of any particular drive. The common results shown by it include file fragmentation, disk errors, and bad sectors. According to the scan, it does some of the basic repairings and might ask for user action on serious issues.
  • Systeminfo: If you need to get a bird’s eye view of the system information, then this command is meant for you. It covers every piece of information, starting from OS to the hardware. With a minor syntax edit, you can also find out the information about the domain name.

With this, we conclude on our take of the pivotal commands for Command Prompt, including the ones under Command Prompt windows 10. Let us know of your suggestions and the list would be enhanced further.


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